A group of scientists announced an astonishing discovery: they were able to make matter from nothing.
According to a report in Big Think, the experiment was carried out in January 2022, in which strong electric fields were formed in a small laboratory utilizing the unique qualities of grapheme, allowing the creation of particle-antiparticle pairs from nothing at all. It should be highlighted, however, that there is no such thing as totally empty space, according to physics rules. There exist quantum fields even when there are no particles.
The latest experiment, according to Big Think, revealed that a theory shared 70 years ago was right. One of the inventors of quantum field theory, Julian Schwinger, argued that the Universe can create something out of nothing.
The Schwinger effect is a hypothesis that anticipated a process in which a strong electric field creates matter. The predictive model is based on quantum electrodynamics (QED), which states that electron-positron pairs form spontaneously in the presence of an electric field.
The latest experiment by University of Manchester researchers will help scientists comprehend how the Universe can generate something from nothing. Researchers were interested in the phenomenon after examining the Big Bang idea, which led to the birth of the universe as we know it.
The Schwinger effect has never been detected in a laboratory environment before. Until date, all theories held that it could only occur in high-energy areas such as black holes and neutron stars.
On Earth, laser facilities generate extremely powerful electric fields, but even with the most powerful of them, the formation of matter has never been successful.